The Kytherians developed the arts in connection to their daily life, work, social events, tradition and customs. Cerigo has a rich tradition in music and dance. Although many elements indicate a strong relation to Cretan and the Ionian Islands’ music, there is a unique quirk in Kytherian song and dance: erotic lyrics, romantic melodies and dances that express joy, love, brotherhood. In Cerigo people dance syrtos, bourdaris, ballos, Ai Giorgis (Ionian dance) Cretan dances and European dances such as waltz, fox, tango etc. The lute and the violin are the main instruments in Kytherian music. In nowadays the younger generation tries to keep the traditional music and dance alive with the teaching provided by Kytherian organizations.
The art of painting is encountered in Byzantine churches frescoes; nowadays it is carried on by artists such as the painter Georgios Drizos, the engraver and lithographer Vasilios Charos and the painter and engraver Manolis Charos. Literature is characterized by the Ionian and Cretan School influence. Distinguished representatives of the 19th century include Iosif Kaloutsis, Georgios Mormoris, Antonios Fatseas and Emmanuel Stais, who have moved beyond the limits of Kythera and belong to the Ionian School. The main representative of modern Kytherian literature is Panos Fillis, who wrote narratives, rhymes and serenades. Last but not least, the schoolteacher Ioannis P. Kassimatis recorded historic and folklore information of the modern era and described the customs of Kythera in a narrative manner.