Kythera’s rich and diverse natural environment offers visitors numerous exciting choices.
It is no wonder that half of the island has been proposed for inclusion in the European Network of Protected Sites Natura 2000 (code GR3000007) due to its significant biodiversity, including many endemic species of flora, fauna and migratory birds.
Overall the island offers a variety of interchangeable landscapes: within a limited extent one can see pine trees and areas dominated by firewood and thyme, olive groves, lush ravines and gullies forming small waterfalls, mountains with breathtaking views and beautiful sandy or rocky beaches.
The island has managed to remain relatively unspoilt by uncontrolled tourism development, providing an unforgettable holiday close -and with respect to- nature, with multiple choices of entertainment and exploration.
One of the most beautiful villages close to nature is Milopotamos, a traditional village with lush vegetation and abundant waters. Heart of the village is a stream that crosses it, leading to the Neraida (Fairy) waterfalls and to Milli where nature blossoms. The bravest visitors can dive in the waterfalls and follow the water flow through the valley of the watermills.
Landscapes of similar beauty can also be found in the area of Portokalia in Karavas in the north of the island, as well as in Vrisi between the villages of Mitata and Viaradika, which can be easily crossed on two streams, enjoying a beautiful route.
A rather difficult route is the one through the canyon of Paleochora, where the scenery is amazing but also quite inhospitable.
The gorge is a passage of migratory birds and there is significant presence of the Cretan maple and other species of plants. In any case, prospective walkers should be cautious to take all the necessary measures for their safety.
An equally important "passage" for migratory birds is the island of Antikythera. In recent years there has been considerable scientific activity from the Greek Ornithological Society and a Bird Station with several bird-watching spots operates, offering an alternative form of tourism and promoting the island’s sustainable development.